History

Statue

The Indochina Years

The École française d'Extrême-Orient (EFEO), or French School of Asian Studies, was founded in 1898 in Saigon as the Mission archéologique d'Indo-Chine. The institution was created on the joint initiative of the Oriental Studies section in the French Academy of Inscriptions and Belles-Lettres and the colonial government of what was then French Indochina, the former envisaging scholars working onsite in Asia - along patterns already established by the French institutes in Athens, Rome, and Cairo - whereas the latter aimed to establish an authority that would be responsible for the inventory and preservation of the cultural heritage of Indochina.

In 1900 the Mission archéologique was renamed École française d'Extrême-Orient, and in 1902 the School headquarters were removed to Hanoi, with its main missions defined as archaeological exploration, collection of manuscripts, preservation of monuments, inventorying of ethnic groups, linguistic studies, and the study of the history of all Asian civilizations from India to Japan. To this end an ambitious academic programme, a library and a museum - which has since become the Vietnamese National Historical Museum - were put in place at the headquarters. Other museums followed: at Da Nang, Saigon, Hue, Phnom Penh, Battambang, and elsewhere. In 1907 the EFEO was assigned responsibility for the conservation of the Angkor archaeological site. This early phase of EFEO's work is still renowned for the contributions of many distinguished Orientalists: Paul Pelliot, Henri Maspero, and Paul Demiéville in Chinese studies; Louis Finot and George Cœdès in Indochinese epigraphy; Henri Parmentier in archaeology, Paul Mus in the history of religion, among many others.

The School's development after 1945

After 1945 a new period opened for the EFEO. Despite the war, and thanks to a real desire for scholarly cooperation with the newly independent states in the area, its members continued their work in continental Southeast Asia: ethnology, Buddhist studies, studies of language, literature, and above all archaeology, with huge reconstruction sites among the monuments of Angkor using the newly developed method of anastylosis. In 1957 the School was obliged to leave Hanoi, and finally, in 1975, Phnom Penh. During this troubled period the EFEO dedicated itself to widening its range of activities and developing new scholarly collaborations. In India, a permanent center was opened in Pondicherry in 1955 to carry out studies in Shivaite literature and the history of the art of the southern part of the subcontinent; later a branch of this center was opened in Pune. During the late 1950's a center was established in Jakarta for archaeologists and specialists in religious epigraphy. In Japan in 1968 the Hobogirin Institute in Kyoto brought together specialists in Chinese and Japanese Buddhism, and, a few years later, a center was established in Chiang Mai for the study of the Buddhism of Southeast Asia. Distinguished scholars from this period include, among others, Jean Filliozat in Indian studies, Rolf A. Stein in Chinese and Tibetan studies, Bernard Philippe Groslier in the archaeology of Angkor, Charles Archaimbault in Laotian ethnology, and Maurice Durand in Vietnamese studies.

The EFEO in the 21st century

The end of the war and return to a degree of stability in Southeast Asia allowed the EFEO to reestablish itself in the region, in response to requests by several local academic and political authorities. The Ecole first returned to Cambodia in 1990, after the restitution of its former real estate in Siem Reap and the revival of archaeological and conservation work at Angkor. Three years later came the opening of a new Centre in Vientiane, followed by Hanoi where the EFEO acquired a new building and library and engaged once again in research and publication in the fields of history, anthropology and epipraphy. This return to the institution's roots did not slow the opening of new horizons, both geographical and thematic: new Centres were opened in partneship with local institutions in Kuala Lumpur (National Museum), Hong Kong (Chinese University of Hong Kong), Taipei (Academia Sinica), Tokyo (Toyo Bunko), Seoul (University of Korea), and finally Beijing (Chinese Academy of Sciences); in terms of research priorities, the period saw a marked opening to the Social Sciences and contemporary Asia: study of Indian commercial networks, the modern and contemporary demography of highland continental Southeast Asia, ehtnic conflict and issues of national and regional integration of minorities, the dynamics of religion in the contemporary societies of China, Thailand and Indonesia, the politics of national heritage conservation. At the beginning of the 21st century the EFEO participates actively in the digital transformation of humanities research and the growing internationalisation of Asian studies, and occupies a central position in the network of high-level academic partnerships in Asia and Europe developed since 2007 under the European Consortium for Asian Field Study initiative (ECAF).

EFEO News
EFEO Field Scholarships - 2nd Semester 2020
14 March 2020
The deadline for submitting an application to an EFEO Field Scholarships for Master and PhD students enabling a field study in Asia at one of the EFEO centers is set to the 14th of March 2020.
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Paris EFEO/ASIES Seminar
Paris, France, 27 January 2020
Charlotte Schmid (EFEO) speaks on "Déesses et donatrices : de la prise de corps des dieux en Inde". This seminar is part of the "Images :  objets et sources" theme of the ASIAS seminar (master AMO - Asie méridionale et orientale : terrains, textes et sciences sociales).

From 10:30 to 12:00, free admission
Maison de l'Asie, 22, avenue du Président Wilson, 75116 Paris, Grand salon, 1st floor
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Vietnam Publishers Association Award (Category B)
Ho Chi Minh City,

Nguyễn Thị Hiệp, Marcus Durand, Philippe Papin, and Olivier Tessier have received the prize (category B) from the Vietnam Publishers Association for the work "Tranh Dân Gian Việt Nam" [Imagerie Populaire Vietnamienne] by Maurice Durand (2018, EFEO & Nxb Văn hóa Văn nghẹ, TP. Ho Chi Minh, 451 p.).
Happy New Year 2020

The French School of Asian Studies wishes you a Happy New Year.
Click here to watch the animation.
CANCELLATION of the Paris EFEO/ASIES Seminar
Paris, France, 16 December 2019
Due to the transport strike, the seminar is postponed to a later date.

Alain Arrault (EFEO) speaks on: "Écrire l’histoire en Chine". This seminar is part of the Dire et écrire l’histoire theme of the Master Études asiatiques - PSL (EFEO-EPHE-EHESS).

From 10:30 to 12:00, free admission
Maison de l'Asie, 22, avenue du Président Wilson, 75116 Paris, Grand salon, 1st floor READ MORE
Cerangkor-OnFire archaeological experimentation project
Siem Reap, Cambodia, 09 December 2019
As part of the Cerangkor-OnFire archaeological experimentation project organized at the EFEO Center in Siem Reap, a ceramic firing in a dragon kiln replica is being organized on December 9. The public firing will take place at 6pm around a buffet to which you are warmly invited.In addition to providing our knowledge of this Angkorian industry, these experiments constitute a unique didactic tool for students who will have to search equivalent structures.

Details about the project and event on the website and Facebook page.
In Memoriam
04 December 2019
It is with great sadness that we announce the death of Jean Deloche, who died on December 3, 2019 in Pondicherry.

In Memoriam
Buddhist scribal practices in a transcultural perspective
France, Paris, 25 November 2019
This international workshop is a collaborative effort organized by the École française d’Extrême-Orient (EFEO-Paris) and the Centre for the Study of Manuscript Cultures (CSMC-Hamburg), which involves scholars in Buddhist studies, codicology, and art history to analyze the connecaons between scribal pracaces agested in various Central and East-Asian Buddhist manuscript cultures, with a focus on mutual influences between them regarding the use of specific ornamental and/or structural marks. Read program here
Conference
Paris, France, 07 November 2019
Alain Arrault gives a lecture on religious statuary in China, Japan and Korea on Thursday, November 7, at 2pm, Salon Pelliot of the Hotel Heidelbach.
This conference is organized by the Société des amis du Musée Guimet, for more details follow the link.
Signing of an MOU with the Institute of Archeology of the National Cheng Kung University
Tainan, Taiwan, 05 November 2019
On November 5, 2019, the EFEO Director signed an MOU with the Institute of Archeology of the National Cheng Kung University in Tainan (Taiwan).