Responsable : Elisabeth Chabanol

#201, Asiatic Research Institute
Korea University, 145 Anam-ro
Seongbuk-gu, Séoul 02841, République de Corée

Tél : +82 2 921 4526
Fax : +82 2 953 2386

Seoul Colloquium in Korean Studies VI
The November session of the “Seoul Colloquium in Korean Studies,” organized jointly by the Seoul Center of the ÉFEO and RAS Korea, was held in the Grand Conference Room of the Asiatic Research Institute, Korea University. 
November Presentations 1. The Order Wars in the Twenty-First Century and Regional Cooperation in East Asia (Key-young Son) 2. Why was the Kingdom of Joseon isolated from the global tropical network? (Jongchan Lee)

1. The Order Wars in the Twenty-First Century and Regional Cooperation in East AsiaOrder wars taking place on the regional and global scale are new because, after the breakdown of both Cold War and post-Cold War orders, they started with “the rise of the rest,” a relatively recent phenomenon accompanying the economic and religious ascendancies of China, India, and some Muslim communities. In this way, order wars, aimed to establish or reestablish order by state and non-state actors, appear overwhelmingly lacking in forms and boundaries, compared with their twentieth-century counterparts. We first define and illustrate various dimensions of order wars being waged in the twenty-first century. Nevertheless, order wars, like any other generic terms, can refer to various types of order-related conflicts occurring in an interim period of transition, which cannot be illustrated by ideological, ethnic, nationalist, or imperialist conflicts.
Key-young Son, Humanities Korea Professor, Asiatic Research Institute, Korea University

2. Why was the Kingdom of Joseon isolated from the global tropical network?The presentation examines the Kingdom of Joseon (1392-1910) in the context of global maritime trade with the tropics and analyzes contemporary Korean transculturation with the tropics. Several kingdoms before the Joseon dynasty had long maintained maritime trade relationships with tropical Southeast Asia, mostly through Chinese trade cities.However, this tradition was abruptly abolished after the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) diplomat and explorer Zhenge He conducted seven maritime voyages to the Indian Ocean (1405-1433). Since the Qing dynasty’s (1644-1912) domination of China, the ruling class of the Kingdom of Joseon saw itself as the center of the world and dismissed the Qing as ‘barbarians’. Although the Dutch East India Company seriously tried to trade with the Joseon dynasty, the so-called ‘Sojunghwa’ (小中華) -- an ideological Confucian variant of Sino-centrism (中華) -- led the dynasty to have no interest in cultural and trade relationship with the Netherlands. The Kingdom was isolated by itself from surrounding countries. Even some reform-minded ‘Silhak’ (實學) scholars, who tried to accept ‘Seohak’(西學, literally meaning ‘Western learning’), did not explore how the Joseon dynasty could be incorporated into the global maritime trade network with the tropics. 
Jongchan Lee, Professor of Tropical Studies (1994~), Director of the Institute for Tropical Studies at Ajou University

 séoul colloquium in korean studies