Vendredi 28 juin 2013

Vous êtes cordialement invités à la présentation informelle :

Minority languages and ancient history in Cambodia

Gérard Diffloth, Membre associé de l'École française d'Extrême-Orient

Abstract:
There are many minorities in present-day Cambodia, with their own languages, written or non-written. Those that have a writing tradition, e.g. Chinese, Vietnamese, Cham and Lao, have, for that very reason, attracted most of the attention of historians. But those that do not have a written tradition used to be relegated by historians to a kind of mythical limbo: no written documents, therefore no history. Nowadays, historical sciences have considerably expanded their views and their methods. In this talk, we will look at the historical linguistics of these unwritten languages, and their possible contribution to the ancient history in Cambodia. Three groups of languages will be examined: the Kuay, the Pearic and the Bahnaric, each with their own present situations and their distinct histories. From such studies, we sometimes get glimpses of ancient history that reach much further back in time than what the Pre-Angkorian texts written in Old Khmer may offer to us. 

Vendredi 28 juin 2013, à 18h30 au Centre EFEO.
Présentation en anglais

Lundi 6 mai 2013

Vous êtes cordialement invités à la présentation informelle :

L'affaire de Préah Vihéar

Raoul Marc JENNAR, Docteur en science politique et en études khmères de l'INALCO

L'objet de la conférence est de resituer cette affaire dans le contexte historique des relations franco-siamoises d'abord, dans le rappel du premier conflit avec la Thaïlande et de son règlement devant la Cour Internationale de Justice en 1962 ensuite et, enfin, d'expliquer le second conflit avec les rocédures écrites et orales qui ont suivi la requête en interprétation de l'Arrêt de 1962 introduite par le Cambodge le 28 avril 2011.

18 h 30, lundi 6 mai 2013 au centre de l'EFEO.
La présentation est en français

Mercredi 6 mars 2013

Vous êtes cordialement invités à la présentation informelle :

The Graeco-Roman Silk Road. The Mediterranean perception and relations with the Eastern and Southeastern Asia.

Kasper Hanus, Graduated from Institute of Archaeology, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland

The term Silk Road was introduced by German explorer Ferdinand von Richthofen to describe a vast mesh of trade routes connecting Europe, Asia and Africa in the ancient times. The Maritime Silk Road which linked Southeast Asia with China, India and Europe was one of the routes parallel to the most common land route developed in the last centuries BC. This sea route started at one of the ports, along the Red Sea coast in Egypt, which was under the Roman rule since 30 B.C. from where the merchants travelled east to the centres of trade in India. At the same time the trade vessels, taking advantage of the monsoon winds sailed across the Bengal Bay to reach Southeast Asian markets, rich in local products and imports from China. The route linked four different regions: Mediterranean, India, Southeast Asia and China. The relations between these regions left many traces known from archaeological and historical sources. During the presentation I would like to show results of our research, focusing on Graeco-Roman written sources on Eastern and Southeastern Asia, especially the Periplius of the Erythrean Sea and the works of Pomponius Mela and Claudius Ptolemy. Other issues that I would like to discuss ae the preliminary results of Sino-Polish research project focusing on trade and cultural contacts in Tarim Basin with the Mediterranean world and the Empires of Han (China) and Kushan (Central Asia, Northern India).

Mercredi 6 mars à 18h30 à l'EFEO.

La présentation est en français.

Mercredi 6 février 2013

Vous êtes cordialement invités à la présentation informelle :

Archaeometrical study of Khmer stoneware of the Angkorian period: some results of the Cerangkor project

Gisela Thierrin-Michael, chercheur et maître de conférences au département de géosciences, de l'université de Fribourg, Suisse, en collaboration with Valérie Thirion-Merle, Armand Desbat

In the area around Angkor, a series of ceramic kilns dating from the 9th to 14th century have been discovered since 1995. The technical, typological and compositional characterization of their productions was one of the main goals of the Cerangkor project. Since the beginning of this project in 2008, more than 300 samples of Khmer stoneware produced in the Angkor region have been analysed chemically by XRF-WDS, 60 also petrographically. The studied ceramics comprise green-glazed stoneware, called Kulen type, and nonglazed stoneware of five kiln sites (Anlong Thom, Sor Sei, Tani, Khnar Po and Bakaong), as well as brown-glazed stoneware from the area of Teap Chey. The results obtained for the different types of ceramics produced at each workshop are to be presented. The data indicate that some workshops use quite similar raw materials for the same type of ceramics, independently of the workshop, suggesting the exploitation of the same geological formations for the whole region. Differentiation of the compositional groups characterizing each workshop proved therefore fairly difficult, but little differences allow distinguishing between some groups of workshops. However, as first analytical results for ceramics produced in other regions of Cambodia show rather different compositions, the database for the Angkor region presented here provides a very good basis for future provenance studies.

Mercredi 6 février à 18h30 à l'EFEO.

La présentation est en anglais.

Mardi 15 janvier 2013

Vous êtes cordialement invités à la présentation informelle :

Asian monsoon variability from tree ring proxy records - recent progress and other applications.

Brendan M. Buckley,

PhD, Lamont Associate Research Professor, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University

Résumé :

The first decade of the 21st century has seen significant development in the production of paleo proxies for the Asian monsoon, exemplified by the Monsoon Asian Drought Atlas that was comprised of more than 300 tree ring chronologies. Noteworthy among them is the Vietnamese cypress tree-ring record which reveals that the two worst droughts of the past 7 centuries, each more than a decade in length, coincided with the demise of the Khmer civilization at Angkor in the early 15th century CE. The 18th century was nearly as tumultuous a period across Southeast Asia, where several polities fell against a backdrop of epic decadal-scale droughts. At this time all of the region's charter states saw rapid realignment in the face of drought, famine and a raft of related and unrelated social issues. Several other droughts, some more extreme but of lesser duration, punctuate the past millennium, but appear to have had little societal impact. We have recently added the first pan-Asian reconstruction of temperature from an updated tree ring network but only for the temperate zone, and stable isotope time series from Vietnam and Cambodia. This increasingly nuanced paleo perspective can assist our analyses of the role of climate extremes in the collapse or disruption of regional societies, a subject of increasing concern given the uncertainties surrounding projections for future climate across the highly populated areas of Asia. Other applications of tree ring methodologies to subjects as diverse as archaeology and food security in Cambodia and elsewhere are also explored.

18 h 00, mardi 15 janvier 2013 au centre de l'EFEO

Présentation en anglais

Mardi 15 février 2011

Vous êtes cordialement invités à la présentation informelle :

Review of sandstone types used during the Khmer Empire

Federico Carò et Janet G. Douglas (Freer Gallery of Art / Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC)

Résumé :

The talk briefly introduces the geology of Cambodia, with specific attention to those lithotypes exploited during the Khmer empire for building and sculptural purposes. A review of the existing information of the stone used for the sculptural production of different styles is presented, as well as the possible provenance of some of them, based on petrographic and geochemical data.

18 h 30, mardi 15 février 2011 au centre de l'EFEO.

Cambodge, Siem Reap, 25 nov. 2009

Présentation informelle :

The Oc Eo archaeological site complex: An early Khmer city in the Mekong Delta ?


Pierre-Yves MANGUIN, Historien et archéologue EFEO

Analysis of data collected during a Franco-Vietnamese archaeological research project (Mission Archéologie du delta du Mékong,1996-2002 )and during earlier work by French and Vietnamese archaeologists now indicate that the urban site of Oc Eo and the complex canal system centered on the site were in operation between the 2nd and the 4th centuries CE. Such earlier dates, and the fact that the site must be interpreted as an early Khmer settlement, forces one to reconsider the early history of Funan, a polity which now appears to have been "indianised" before "Indianisation".

Member of EFEO, Dr. Pierre-Yves Manguin is an historian and an archaeologist, specialist of maritime history of Southeast Asia. Professor at the EPHE (Paris), he teaches "History and archaeology of the coastal States of Southeast Asia" and is responsible of the EFEO research team on "Exchanges, States formations and Urbanism in Southeast Asia", a subject on which he has been working on during many years. Dr. Manguin is also the director of the archaeological Mission of the Mekong Delta (Oc Eo/Ba Thê) with the Social and Human Sciences Institute of Vietnam in Hô Chi Minh City. Following the mission he conducted from 1989 to 1996 at Sriwijaya, he started recently with M. Soeroso another archaeological mission in Indonesia, on the Musi basin in South Sumatra, on the first large State during the 7th century.

A 18 h 30, Mercredi 25 novembre 2009 au centre de l'EFEO.

Cambodge, Siem Reap, 29 octobre - 4 novembre 2009

Le cycle de débats

Angkor Seminar

sponsorisés par le Friends of the Freer and Sackler Smithsonian Institution, ont organisés dans la salle des conférences de l'EFEO à l'occasion de la visite à Siem Reap des Friends of the Freer and Sackler Galleries.

Jeudi 29 octobre

Im Sokrithy

"The Angkorian Road Network: A Study by the Living Angkor Road Project"

Samedi 31 octobre

Christophe Pottier

The Ancestors of Angkor. Jean-Baptiste Chevance: "Retracing the sources of the Angkorian Empire, by the Phnom Kulen Archaeological Program

Dimanche 1 novembre

Darryl Collins & Hok Sokol

From Khmer villages to cities: Preservation of wooden houses

Lundi 2 novembre

Olivier Cunin

From Ta Prohm to Bayon - Contribution to the architectural history of the Bayon Style Monuments

mardi 3 novembre

Martin Polkinghorne

Ateliers in the Age of Angkor

Mercredi 4 novembre

Dominique Soutif:

The property of the gods in inscription K. 947: using epigraphy in archaeology

Cambodge, Siem Reap, 9 octobre 2009

Présentation informelle

Retracing the source of the Angkorian Empire

Jean-Baptiste Chevance, Archaeologist, Program Manager, Phnom Kulen Archaeological Program - Archaeology and Development Foundation, Ph.D. candidate, Paris III - La Sorbonne Nouvelle

Initiated Jean-Baptiste Chevance in 2007 and entirely funded by private donors, the Phnom Kulen Archaeological Program aims to refine the different occupations of the Phnom Kulen, to promote the training of young Cambodian specialists, particularly archaeologists from RUFA, and to contribute to the development of the local communities, through health, education and infrastructures assistance. The Phnom Kulen is a unique topographic feature in the Angkorian landscape, dotted with numerous archaeological, architectural, rupestral and hydraulic remains. Many studied epigraphic references to the Phnom Kulen which attest of its importance in the Khmer history, however very little field studies had been undertaken. The Phnom Kulen Archaeological Program intends to conduct global archaeological field studies including prospections, surveys, excavations and conservation. The program is undertaken in close collaboration with the APSARA National Authority and is linked to numerous other archaeological teams working in Angkor. The talk will begin with the projection of a recent documentary about the Phnom Kulen Archaeological Program, followed by a brief presentation on the results of the 2008 and 2009 archaeological campaigns.

Jean-Baptiste Chevance graduated from l'Ecole du Louvre in 1997 and completed his Master at the University La Sorbonne in Paris on architecture and decoration of the Phnom Kulen temples. He is currently a PhD candidate at the same university. He has been working in Angkor since 1999 as an archaeologist for the EFEO, for the FSP Program and for the preventive archaeological unit at the APSARA Authority. Besides, he worked intensively for INRAP in France. He designed the Phnom Kulen Archeological Program in 2007 and has been managing it since.

18 h 30, Vendredi 9 octobre 2009 au centre de l'EFEO.

Cambodge, Siem Reap, 25 septembre 2009

Présentation informelle

Nouvelles découvertes archéologiques au Laos : le site de Nong Hua Thong et son « trésor »

Dr. Christine Hawixbrock, Archéologue

Le site de Nong Hua Thong (province de Savannakhet), qu'Henri Parmentier visite rapidement en 1912 fut totalement oublié jusqu'en 2008, date à laquelle un trésor d'orfèvrerie d'origine khmère, d'une richesse exceptionnelle, y a été découvert. Trois courtes inscriptions khmères sont inscrites sur deux plateaux et un bol en argent. La plus ancienne peut être datée du viiie siècle. Ce « trésor » est actuellement en cours d'étude. Le site est caractérisé par une série de levées de terre dont certaines ont pu avoir fonction d'enceinte et par une série de retenues d'eaux. Les fouilles préliminaires qui ont eu lieu en avril 2009 (EFEO-Ministère de l'Information et de la Culture laotien), ont permis de constater une longue période d'occupation du lieu, remontant jusqu'aux époques protohistoriques.

Historienne de l'art et archéologue, Christine Hawixbrock s'est spécialisée particulièrement sur le monde khmer par le biais de l'étude des monuments de Jayavarman VII, qui l'a conduite à la rédaction d'un doctorat en histoire de l'art et en archéologie khmère intitulée « Population divine, religion et politique sous Jayavarman VII » soutenu en 1994. Membre de l'EFEO de 1995 à 2002, Christine Hawixbrock a eu notamment, à Siem Reap, la responsabilité de la mission EFEO/Unesco de restructuration des collections des dépôts de la Conservation d'Angkor. Elle a participé à de nombreux programmes archéologiques, au Preah Khan et au Palais Royal à Angkor, à Muang Champassi et à Phanom Van dans le Nord-Est de la Thaïlande, et sur le site de Vat Phu dans le Sud-Laos. Christine Hawixbrock est actuellement chargée par l'EFEO et le ministère de l'Information et de la culture Lao des fouilles du site de Nong Hua Thong et de l'inventaire des pièces d'orfèvrerie du trésor de Nong Hua Thong. Elle est par ailleurs chargée par le SAGV (Service de l'aménagement et de la gestion du site du Patrimoine Mondial de Vat Phu, Champassak) de l'inventaire et du rangement des collections archéologiques du site de Vat Phu.

18 h 30, vendredi 25 septembre 2009 au centre de l'EFEO.

Cambodge, Siem Reap, 30 juin 2009

Présentation informelle

Standardization in Khmer Ceramic: a case study of Thnal Mrech and Bangkong Kiln sites

Chhay Rachna, Archaeologist, APSARA Authority

Heng Piphal, Archaeologist

During the last four years, the Ceramic Team of the Department Conservation of Monuments and Preventive Archaeology of APSARA Authority, conducted archaeological studies, including mapping, excavation and analysis of the artefacts at Thnal Mrech Kilns (TMK) and Bangkong Kilns (BK). The radiometric datings obtained from various charcoal samples collected from these sites, suggest dates ranging from the 9th to the early 13thcenturies. The artefacts collected from the crossdraft kiln structures of TMK site and BK15 and BK16 have been classified according to Khmer linguistic terms for ceramics, defined by both shape and function, such as Kpoeurng (roof tile), DanlapKotthKhuochAk kambor, and Chan (small containers), ThoKa-amChhnangKralaPhoeng and Peang (large containers).

This presentation is divided into two study cases. In the first one, we will examine pottery technology: the physical and characteristics of clay and temper and the art of decorated ceramic vessels in clay. In the final one, we will explore the standardization hypothesis. We use measurement of standardization in ceramic as evidence for specialized craft production. The analysis and interpretation of ceramic wasters remains at both kiln sites inAngkor region, allows archaeologists to accomplish varied results. These include establishing a time scale, documenting interconnections between different areas, and suggesting activities that were carried out at particular sites. These techniques and theories are used to bridge the gap between the recovery of ceramics and their interpretation within archaeological contexts.

Chhay Rachna graduated a B.A. degree in Archaeology from the Royal University of Fine Arts in 2002. He wrote his dissertation on Kbal Spean, Ancient Stone artefacts. Since 2003, he worked for the Conservation of Monuments in the Angkor Park and Preventive Archaeology Department of APSARA Authority. He had been involved in various cooperation projects between APSARA with NRICP, GAP, EFEO, and NUS. From 2006, his team conducted the excavation and analyst the artifacts from Thnal Mrech Kilns Site and Bangkong Kilns Site in the Angkor region.

Heng Piphal is a Ph.D. candidate at the Department of Anthropology, University of Hawai`i at Manoa. He received his B.A. from the Faculty of Archaeology, Royal University of Fine Arts, Phnom Penh in 2002. Heng Piphal has been involved in many professional archaeological projects with American teams (LOMAP, University of Hawai'i, Heritage Watch, and NAGA), Japanese teams (JSA and SCP), German teams (Memot Center of Archaeology), and local Cambodian institutions (APSARA, the Ministry of Culture, and the Royal Academy of Cambodia). His works cover Cambodiaprehistory to pre-Angkor and Angkor periods. His main interests, however, is a political economy approach to early state formation in Cambodia.

18 h 30, Mardi  30 juin 2009 au centre de l'EFEO.

Cambodge, Siem Reap, 3 juin 2009

Jacques Gaucher a fait une communication au Comité International de Coordination (CIC) pour la sauvegarde et le développement du site d’Angkor à Siem Reap, le 3 juin, sur les

Résultats des fouilles de la campagne archéologique 2008-2009 au Palais royal d'Angkor Thom

Cambodge, Siem Reap, 13 mars 2009

Présentation informelle

Recent investigations at Hariharâlaya - Recherches récentes à Hariharâlaya

 Partie 3 : Evolution ou révolution culturelle à Hariharâlaya?

Armand Desbat (CNRS)
Situé dans a région de Roluos, la capitale de Hariharâlaya et ses temples monumentaux principaux constituent la première capitale Angkorienne, un prototype qui a fortement influencé les études urbaines et les recherches historiques à Angkor.  Trois conférences successives, à une semaine d’intervalle, présenteront les résultats des travaux récemment menés à Roluos, principalement dans le cadre de la Mission archéologique franco-cambodgienne sur l’Aménagement de la région d'Angkor (APSARA / MAE / EFEO).

Le troisième exposé (le 13 mars), présenté par Armand Desbat (en français), présentera les études réalisées sur la céramique des fouilles de Roluos. Il exposera les premiers résultats et les perspectives de recherches qu’ils ouvrent pour l’étude de l’évolution de la céramique angkorienne et de ses influences.

Armand Desbat, Directeur de Recherches au CNRS à Lyon, a une longue expérience de céramologue en Europe. Depuis 2004, il a conduit les études du matériel céramique issu des fouilles à l’aéroport et à Roluos.

18 h 30, Vendredi 13 Mars 2009 au centre de l'EFEO.

Cambodge, Siem Reap, 27 février et 6 mars 2009

Présentation informelle

Recent investigations at Hariharâlaya - Recherches récentes à Hariharâlaya

 Partie 1 : Dater les temples: histoires

Christophe Pottier, EFEO Siem Reap

Situé dans a région de Roluos, la capitale de Hariharâlaya et ses temples monumentaux principaux constituent la première capitale Angkorienne, un prototype qui a fortement influencé les études urbaines et les recherches historiques à Angkor.  Deux conférences successives, à une semaine d’intervalle, présenteront les résultats des travaux récemment menés à Roluos, principalement dans le cadre de la Mission archéologique franco-cambodgienne sur l’Aménagement de la région d'Angkor (APSARA / MAE / EFEO).

La première présentation (le 27 février), donnée (en anglais) par Christophe Pottier, a illustré comment les études architecturales de certains monuments considérés comme étant bien « datés », Prah Ko et Bakong, montrent en fait une complexité chronologique insoupçonnée qui souligne la nécessité de conduire une réévaluation détaillée de la configuration et de la chronologie des premiers monuments Angkoriens.

Partie 2 : Au-delà des temples: une nouvelle image de Hariharâlaya?

Annie Bolle (INRAP)

Christophe Pottier (EFEO Siem Reap)

Le deuxième exposé (le 6 mars) sera présenté conjointement par Annie Bolle et Christophe Pottier (en français). Il portera sur les recherches archéologiques conduites à Roluos sur quatre sites distincts (Prah Ko, Bakong, Prei Monti et Trapeang Phong) et comment ces fouilles aident à dessiner une nouvelle image globale de la capitale de Hariharâlaya. Au-delà du cas de Hariharâlaya, c'est ainsi une nouvelle lecture des commencements de l'histoire urbaine d'Angkor qui sera proposée.

Christophe Pottier dirige le centre d'EFEO de Siem Reap depuis 1992. Il a conduit quelques travaux de restauration et il poursuit ses recherches sur l'architecture et l’aménagement du territoire Angkorien. Depuis 2000, il dirige la Mission archéologique franco-cambodgienne sur l’Aménagement de la région d'Angkor et est également codirecteur du Greater Angkor Project.

Annie Bolle est archéologue à l’INRAP (Institut national de recherches archéologiques préventives – France). Elle a participé à de nombreuses fouilles archéologiques à Angkor depuis 1995, et en particulier à Roluos depuis 2004.

18 h 30, Vendredi 27 Fevrier 2009 au centre de l'EFEO.

Cambodge, Siem Reap, 6 février 2009

Présentation informelle

Preah Vihear seen from Angkor and Wat Phou

Prof. Sachchidanand Sahai, Expert-Historian, Apsara Authority, Siem Reap

The Sacred Complex of Preah Vihear will be presented on the basis of field-work done at the site from August to December 2008. Five inscriptions relating to the site will be discussed in an attempt to adress a number of  unsolved questions  regarding the chronology, layout and significance of the site.

Sachchidanand Sahai is an alumnae of University of Paris , Sorbonne (1965-69) where he researched  under the supervision  of eminent French savant George Cœdès and produced a pioneering  doctoral thesis, published as  Les institutions politiques et l’organisation administrative du Cambodge ancien, (1971). His other publications:  The Phra Lak Phra Lam (1973),   The Ramayana in Laos  (1976),  The Krishna Saga in Laos (1978), The Rama Jataka in Laos (1997) are based on  a first hand  study of original palm-leaf manuscripts  in the old Laotian language. India in 1872 as Seen by the SiameseThe Mekong: Space and Social Theory  (2005), The Bayon of Angkor ThomTa Prohm  A Glorious Era in Angkor Civilization (2007) are his other publications. (2001) reconstitutes  the unwritten  chapter  of Thai history relating to King Chulalongkorn's  visit to British India in that year. (2007), and a co-authored book 

As founder  of the Southeast Asian Review, Sahai has edited  and published  thirty two volumes  of this journal since 1976. In 1981, he founded  the international conference  on Thai Studies. Sahai held the Chair of Southeast Asian Studies  at the Magadh Universty , Bodh Gaya  (India) and worked  as the Pro Vice Chancellor  of the  university in 2001. He has also worked as  Fellow, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla (2003-2006);   Research Professor at Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts, New Delhi (1988-90); and Visiting Professor  of Asian Civilization  at Sisavangvong University, Vientiane (1970-73).

Sahai is currently  Expert-Historian  Apsara Authority, Siem Reap.  

18 h 30, Vendredi 6 Fevrier 2009 au centre de l'EFEO.

Cambodge, Siem Reap, 7-10 janvier 2009

La conférence Dynamics of Human Diversity in Mainland Southeast Asia organisée par Nick J. Enfield (MPI Nijmegen) et Joyce C. White (University of  Pennsylvania) s'est déroulé au Centre EFEO de Siem Reap du 7 au 10 janvier.

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