History

Statue

The Indochina Years

The École française d'Extrême-Orient (EFEO), or French School of Asian Studies, was founded in 1898 in Saigon as the Mission archéologique d'Indo-Chine. The institution was created on the joint initiative of the Oriental Studies section in the French Academy of Inscriptions and Belles-Lettres and the colonial government of what was then French Indochina, the former envisaging scholars working onsite in Asia - along patterns already established by the French institutes in Athens, Rome, and Cairo - whereas the latter aimed to establish an authority that would be responsible for the inventory and preservation of the cultural heritage of Indochina.

In 1900 the Mission archéologique was renamed École française d'Extrême-Orient, and in 1902 the School headquarters were removed to Hanoi, with its main missions defined as archaeological exploration, collection of manuscripts, preservation of monuments, inventorying of ethnic groups, linguistic studies, and the study of the history of all Asian civilizations from India to Japan. To this end an ambitious academic programme, a library and a museum - which has since become the Vietnamese National Historical Museum - were put in place at the headquarters. Other museums followed: at Da Nang, Saigon, Hue, Phnom Penh, Battambang, and elsewhere. In 1907 the EFEO was assigned responsibility for the conservation of the Angkor archaeological site. This early phase of EFEO's work is still renowned for the contributions of many distinguished Orientalists: Paul Pelliot, Henri Maspero, and Paul Demiéville in Chinese studies; Louis Finot and George Cœdès in Indochinese epigraphy; Henri Parmentier in archaeology, Paul Mus in the history of religion, among many others.

Spread of the School

After 1945 a new period opened for the EFEO. Despite the war, and thanks to a real desire for scholarly cooperation with the newly independent states in the area, its members continued their work in continental Southeast Asia: ethnology, Buddhist studies, studies of language, literature, and above all archaeology, with huge reconstruction sites among the monuments of Angkor using the newly developed method of anastylosis. In 1957 the School was obliged to leave Hanoi, and finally, in 1975, Phnom Penh. During this troubled period the EFEO dedicated itself to widening its range of activities and developing new scholarly collaborations. In India, a permanent center was opened in Pondicherry in 1955 to carry out studies in Shivaite literature and the history of the art of the southern part of the subcontinent; later a branch of this center was opened in Pune. During the late 1950's a center was established in Jakarta for archaeologists and specialists in religious epigraphy. In Japan in 1968 the Hobogirin Institute in Kyoto brought together specialists in Chinese and Japanese Buddhism, and, a few years later, a center was established in Chiang Mai for the study of the Buddhism of Southeast Asia. Distinguished scholars from this period include, among others, Jean Filliozat in Indian studies, Rolf A. Stein in Chinese and Tibetan studies, Bernard Philippe Groslier in the archaeology of Angkor, Charles Archaimbault in Laotian ethnology, and Maurice Durand in Vietnamese studies.

The EFEO in the 21st century

The end of the war and return to a degree of stability in Southeast Asia allowed the EFEO to reestablish itself in the region, in response to requests by several local academic and political authorities. The Ecole first returned to Cambodia in 1990, after the restitution of its former real estate in Siem Reap and the revival of archaeological and conservation work at Angkor. Three years later came the opening of a new Centre in Vientiane, followed by Hanoi where the EFEO acquired a new building and library and engaged once again in research and publication in the fields of history, anthropology and epipraphy. This return to the institution's roots did not slow the opening of new horizons, both geographical and thematic: new Centres were opened in partneship with local institutions in Kuala Lumpur (National Museum), Hong Kong (Chinese University of Hong Kong), Taipei (Academia Sinica), Tokyo (Toyo Bunko), Seoul (University of Korea), and finally Beijing (Chinese Academy of Sciences); in terms of research priorities, the period saw a marked opening to the Social Sciences and contemporary Asia: study of Indian commercial networks, the modern and contemporary demography of highland continental Southeast Asia, ehtnic conflict and issues of national and regional integration of minorities, the dynamics of religion in the contemporary societies of China, Thailand and Indonesia, the politics of national heritage conservation. At the beginning of the 21st century the EFEO participates actively in the digital transformation of humanities research and the growing internationalisation of Asian studies, and occupies a central position in the network of high-level academic partnerships in Asia and Europe developed since 2007 under the European Consortium for Asian Field Study initiative (ECAF).

EFEO News
Paris EFEO Seminar
Paris, France,

On Monday 27th March Cécile Guillaume-Pey (EHESS) is speaking on "Quand la graphophagie remplace les dialogues avec les espritsManipulations rituelles de l'écrit chez les Sora (Inde)"

11 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. (free admission)

Maison de l'Asie, first-floor salon, 22 avenue du Président Wilson, 75116 Paris
 READ MORE
EFEO on Instagram

Follow the virtual photo library of the EFEO on Instagram account: ecolefrancaisedextremeorient
The EFEO receives the medal of the French National Commission for UNESCO
Paris, France,

On February the 28th 2017, EFEO hosted the Board of the French Commission for UNESCO as well as several german and french officials representing their governments in this organisation.
During this event, Mr. Daniel Janicot, President of the National Commission, presented a medal commemorating the Commission's 70th anniversary to Mr. Yves Goudineau, Director of the EFEO.
This medal rewarded the School and its management for its actions in preserving Asian heritage, monuments and manuscripts, and in recognition of its past and present collaboration with UNESCO on World Heritage Sites (Angkor, Borobudur, Vat Phu, Luang Prabang, Kaesong, Thang-Long Hanoi, My Son, etc.).
New publication

Daoism : Religion, History and Society 8 (2016)
Daoist Lives: Narrative and Practice
道門生活:敘述與實踐
 READ MORE
IRIS Études Globales - Paris Sciences et Lettres

The Initiative de Recherches Interdisciplinaires Stratégiques (IRIS) Études globales of Paris Sciences et Lettres (PSL) launches a call for mobility and student initiatives 2017 (Candidature until April 17, 2017) to support student participation in its initiatives.

Two forms of support, up to a maximum of 3000 euros, are planned: assistance to the field and participation or organization of Study Day.
 READ MORE
Seminar Comparative Anthropology Using Southeast Asia as a Point of Departure
Paris, France,

Thursday, March 9, from 2 pm to 4 pm, Frédéric Keck (Musée du Quai Branly) takes part in the EHESS seminar Anthropology Using Southeast Asia as a Point of Departure on Faire mourir et laisser vivre. Pratiques religieuses et scientifiques du fangsheng à Hong Kong et Taiwan dans le contexte de la grippe aviaire.

Maison de l'Asie, first-floor Salon, 22 avenue du Président Wilson 75116 Paris.
Seminar commemorating the 160th anniversary of Franco-Thai relations at INALCO
Paris, France,

Wednesday, March 1st, the Royal Thai Embassy in France, in collaboration with INALCO, is organizing a seminar commemorating the 160th anniversary of Franco-Thai relations at INALCO.
Yves Goudineau and François Lagirarde participated in the section "Point de vue historique et archéologique". Yves Goudineau opens the section and François Lagirarde is speaking on: "Recognition and Development of the vernacular paradigm (religion, epigraphy, manuscriptologie, literature and stories)".
Paris EFEO Seminar
Paris, France,

On Monday 27th February Martin Ramos (EFEO) is speaking on "Les soldats du Maître du Ciel. Ce que la révolte de Shimabara-Amakusa nous apprend sur le catholicisme japonais".

11 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. (free admission)

Maison de l'Asie, first-floor salon, 22 avenue du Président Wilson, 75116 Paris
 READ MORE
EFEO Field Scholarships 2nd Semester 2017
Paris, France,

The deadline for submitting an application to an EFEO Field Scholarships for Master and PhD students enabling a field study in Asia at one of the EFEO centers is set to the 31st of March 2017 at noon (Paris time).
 READ MORE
New publication
Paris, France,

Aseanie 33 (June 2014) READ MORE